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实验室常用英文术语集锦
作者:河北奥博 上传时间:2017-11-29 11:25:43

实验室常用英文术语集锦


 
容器与耗材 vessel & consumablematerial
小瓶vial
量杯measuring cup
烧杯beaker
量筒measuring flask/measuring cylinderer
坩埚crucible
坩埚钳crucible clamp
试管test tube
漏斗funnel
比色皿cuvette
鱼缸aquarium
烧瓶flask
锥形瓶conical flask
塞子stopper/plug
洗瓶plastic wash bottle
玻璃活塞stopcock
试剂瓶reagent bottles
玻棒glass rod
搅拌棒stirringrod
容量瓶volumetric flask/measuring flask
移液管(one-mark) pipette
吸液管pipette
滤器filter
滤纸filter paper
培养皿culture dish
移液枪pipette
移液枪枪头pipette tips
剃刀刀片razorblade
手术刀scalpel
垃圾袋disposablebag
垃圾桶garbagebin
橡皮筋rubber band
托盘Tray
铝箔aluminiumfoil
洗耳球rubber suction bulb
保鲜膜preservativefilm
研磨钵mortar
研杵pestle
小滴管dropper
蒸馏装置distillingapparatus
桶bucket
广口瓶wide-mouth bottle
离心机转子rotor
试管架test tube holder/rack
酒精灯alcoholburner
酒精喷灯blastalcohol burner
搅拌装置stirring device
石蜡封口膜Parafilm
微量离心管(EP管)Eppendorf tube
载玻片Slide
盖玻片Cover glass
离心管Centrifugetube
电泳槽Geltank
电线Electricalleads
牙签Toothpick
螺丝钉Screw
锁紧螺母Nut,Cap nut
复印纸Copypaper
复写纸Carbonpaper
钉Nail
试管刷test-tube brush
计时器Timer
闹钟Alarmclock
U形钉Staple
衣服挂钩Coathanger
电泳用的梳子Comb
扳手Shiftingspanner
订书机Stapler
订书钉staple
圆珠笔芯Refill
灯泡Globe
记号笔marker pen
注射器syringe
注射器活塞plunger
铁架台ironsupport
万能夹extensionclamp
止水夹flatjawpinchcock
圆形漏斗架cast-ironring
橡胶管rubbertubing
药匙labspoon
镊子forceps/tweezers
蜂鸣器buzzer
架子shelf
剪刀scissor
打孔器stopperborer
移液吸管serological pipette
血球计数板hemocytometer
pH试纸 universal ph indicatorpaper
称量纸weighingpaper
透明胶带sellotape
筛子sieve
网眼mesh
格子grid
擦镜纸wiperfor lens
水银温度计mercury-filledthermometer
白大褂white gown
真空泵vacuumpump
水浴锅waterbath kettle
口罩respirator
电极electrode
阳极,正极anode
阴极,负极cathode
实验操作(manipulation)
丢弃discard
转移容器decant
吸出aspirate
吹吸blowing and suction
离心收集pellet
重悬resuspend
絮状沉淀flocculent precipitate
浑浊的turbid
烘bake
灭菌sterilize
均质化homogeniz
分装aliquot
培养foster
通风ventilate
冷却chill down
稀释dilute
洗脱elute
孵育incubate
超声破碎ultrasonication
淬灭quench
裂解物Lysate
沉淀物Sediment
上清Supernatant
小滴droplet
一批batch
色谱chromatograph
沉淀precipitate
接种inoculate
探针probe
蒸馏distil/distill
搅拌Stir/agitate
旋转swirl/ spin
中和neutralize
校准calibrate
平衡equilibrate
结块、块状沉淀clump
粘稠的viscous
漂洗rinse
脱水dehydrate
发酵fermentation
溶解dissolve
燃烧combustion
水解hydrolysis
过滤filtrate
浓缩condense
催化剂catalyst
研磨grind
破碎crush
催化作用catalysis
分解dissolution
涡旋震荡Vortex
电泳Electrophoresis
抽滤suctionfiltration
电转化electro-transformation
收菌harvest
切碎chop/mince
灌注perfusion
浆液slurry 
仪器(apparatus)
恒温循环仪Thermostaticcirculator 
空调机Airconditioner
pH计pHmeter
照度计(测量荧光素酶酶活)luminometer
磁力搅拌器magneticstirrer
烘箱oven  
微波炉microwaveoven
电磁炉electromagneticoven
凝胶系统Gelsystem
电子天平Electronicbalance
转接器Adapter
离心机centrifuge
盖子lid/ cap
封口设备Sealingequipment
复印机Duplicator,copying machine
超净工作台superclean bench
通风橱fume cupboard
药柜Cupboard
高压蒸汽灭菌器autoclave
电泳电源Electrophoresispower supply
紫外灯Ultravioletillumination
真空泵Vacuumpump 
天平balance/scale
分析天平analytical balance
台秤platform balance
涡旋振荡器Vortexingmachine
CO2培养箱CO2Incubators
电子显微镜ElectroMicroscopy
电泳仪ElectrophoresisSystem
恒流泵constantflow pump
解剖镜anatomicallens
PCR仪Thermocycler
倒置显微镜InvertedMicroscope
核磁共振波谱仪NuclearMagnetic Resonance Spectrometer
光学显微镜OpticalMicroscopy
摇床Shaker
培养箱incubator
超滤器UltrahighPurity Filter
超低温冰箱Ultra-lowTemperature Freezer
超声破碎仪UltrasonicCell Disruptor
紫外观察灯UltravioletLamp
紫外-可见光分光光度计UV-VisibleSpectrophotometer
计算器calculator/numerator
化学试剂(reagent)
1.氨基酸
丙氨酸alanine(Ala, A)  
缬氨酸valine(Val, V)
亮氨酸leucine(Leu, L) 
异亮氨酸isoleucine(Ile,I) 
脯氨酸proline(Pro, P) 
苯丙氨酸phenylalanine(Phe, F)
色氨酸tryptophan(Trp, W)
蛋氨酸methionine(Met, M)
甘氨酸glycine(Gly, G)
丝氨酸serine(Ser, S)
苏氨酸threonine(Thr, T)
半胱氨酸cysteine(Cys, C)
酪氨酸tyrosine(Tyr, Y)
天冬氨酸asparagines(Asn, N) 
谷氨酰胺glutamine(Gln, Q)
赖氨酸lysine(Lys, K)
精氨酸arginine(Arg, R)
组氨酸histidine(His, H)
天冬氨酸asparticacid (Asp, D)
谷氨酸glutamicacid (Glu, E)
2.核苷酸
腺苷adenosine 
鸟嘌呤核苷guanosine 
胞苷cytidine
胸腺嘧啶脱氧核苷thymidine
尿嘧啶核苷uridine
脱氧deoxy-
3.其他化学试剂
二甲苯Xylene
冰乙酸Aceticacid glacial
硼酸Boricacid
氯化钙Calcium chloride
巯基乙醇mercaptoethanol
咪唑Imidazole
盐酸胍guanidinehydrochloride
无水乙醇absoluteethanol
乙酸钠Sodiumacetate
氯化钠Sodiumchloride
生理盐水physiologicalsaline
洗涤剂detergent
十二烷基磺酸钠Sodiumdodecyl sulphate
盐酸hydrochloricacid
氢氧化钠sodiumhydrate/hydroxide
胰蛋白胨Tryptone
酵母提取物yeastextract
琼脂Agar 
甘油glycerin
内毒素endotoxin
两性霉素amphotericin
氨苄Ampicillin
肝素heparin
卡那霉素Kanamycin
胰蛋白酶Trypsin
溴化乙锭ethidium bromide
胰岛素Insulin
树脂resin
糖类saccharide
蔗糖Sucrose
醋酸钾Potassiumacetate
异丙醇Isopropanol
醋酸铵Ammoniumacetate
异戊醇Isoamylalcohol
氯仿Chloroform
甲醇methanol
遗传霉素geneticin
糖原glycogen
血清serum
高锰酸钾potassiumhypermanganate
考马斯亮蓝Coomassiebrilliant blue
液氮liquidnitrogen
次氯酸钠clorox
苯酚phenol
阴离子anion
碱性alkalinity 
容器类
量杯measuringcup
烧杯beaker
不锈钢杯stainless-steelbeaker
量筒measuringflask/measuring cylinder
量筒graduatedflask/measuring cylinder
坩埚crucible
坩埚钳crucibleclamp
坩埚cruciblepot,meltingpot
试管testtube
试管架testtube holder
漏斗funnel
分液漏斗separatoryfunnel
烧瓶flask
锥形瓶conicalflask
塞子stopper
洗瓶plasticwash bottle
滴定管burette
玻璃活塞stopcock
冷凝器condenser
试剂瓶reagentbottles
玻棒glassrod
搅拌棒stirringrod
蒸馏烧瓶distillingflask
碘量瓶iodineflask
表面皿watchglass
蒸发皿evaporatingdish
容量瓶volumetricflask/measuring flask
移液管(one-mark)pipette
刻度移液管graduatedpipettes
称量瓶weighingbottle
吸液管pipette
滤管filter
天平balance/scale
分析天平analyticalbalance
台秤platformbalance
游码crossbeamsand sliding weights
酒精灯alcoholburner
酒精喷灯blastalcohol burner
搅拌装置stirringdevice
洗耳球rubbersuction bulb
研磨钵mortar
研磨棒pestle
玛瑙研钵agatemortar
瓷器porcelain
白细口瓶flintglass solution bottle with stopper
滴瓶droppingbottle
小滴管dropper
蒸馏装置distillingapparatus
蒸发器evaporator
试验用器材
升降台labjack
铁架台ironsupport
万能夹extensionclamp
蝴蝶夹double-buretclamp
双顶丝clampregular holder
止水夹flatjawpinchcock
圆形漏斗架cast-ironring
移液管架pipetrack
试管架tuberack
沸石boilingstone
橡胶管rubbertubing
药匙labspoon
镊子forceps
坩埚钳crucibletong
剪刀scissor
打孔器stopperborer
石棉网asbestos-freewire gauze
电炉丝wirecoil for heater
脱脂棉absorbentcottonph
ph试纸universal ph indicator paper
滤纸filter paper
称量纸weighingpaper
擦镜纸wiperfor lens
秒表stopwatch
量杯glassgraduates with scale
白滴定管(酸)flintglass burette with glass stopcock
棕色滴定管(酸)brownglass burette with glass stopcock
白滴定管(碱)flintglass burette for alkali
棕色滴定管(碱)brownglass burette for alkali
比重瓶specificgravity bottle
水银温度计mercury-filledthermometer
pH计pHmeter
折光仪refractometer
真空泵vacuumpump
冷、热浴bath
离心机centrifuge
口罩respirator
防毒面具respirator、gasmask
磁力搅拌器magneticstirrer
电动搅拌器powerbasic stirrer
烘箱oven
闪点仪flashpoint tester
马弗炉furnace
电炉heater
微波炉电热套heatingmantle
Bunsen burner 本生灯
product 化学反应产物
apparatus 设备
pH indicator pH值指示剂,氢离子(浓度的)负指数指示剂
matrass 卵形瓶
litmus 石蕊
litmus paper石蕊试纸
burette滴定管
retort曲颈甑
still蒸馏釜
cupel烤钵
化学反应
analysis 分解
fractionation 分馏
endothermicreaction 吸热反应
exothermicreaction 放热反应
precipitation 沉淀
to precipitate 沉淀
to distil,todistill 蒸馏
distillation 蒸馏
to calcine煅烧
to oxidize 氧化
alkalinization碱化
to oxygenate,tooxidize 脱氧,氧化
to neutralize 中和
to hydrogenate 氢化
to hydrate水合,水化
to dehydrate脱水
fermentation发酵
solution溶解
combustion燃烧
fusion,melting熔解
alkalinity碱性
isomerism,isomery同分异物现象
hydrolysis水解
electrolysis电解
electrode电极
anode阳极,正极
cathode阴极,负极
catalyst催化剂
catalysis催化作用
oxidization,oxidation氧化
reducer还原剂
dissolution分解
synthesis合成
reversible可逆的
仪器中英文对照
Aging PropertyTester老化性能测定仪;
Amino AcidAnalyzer氨基酸组成分析仪;
Analyzer forClinic Medicine Concentration临床药物浓度仪;
AtomicAbsorption Spectroscopy原子吸收光谱仪;
Atomic EmissionSpectrometer原子发射光谱仪;
AtomicFluorescence Spectroscopy原子荧光光谱仪;
AutomaticTitrator自动滴定仪;
Basic Physics基本物理量测定;
BiochemicalAnalyzer生化分析仪;
Biochemicalanalysis生物技术分析;
Bio-reactor生物反应器;
Blood-gasAnalyzer血气分析仪;
Centrifuge离心机;
ChemiluminescenceApparatus化学发光仪;
CHN Analysis环境成分分析仪;
CO2Incubators CO2培养箱;
CombustionPropertyTester燃烧性能测定仪;
ConductivityMeter电导仪;
ConstantTemperature Circulator恒温循环泵;
Direct CurrentPlasma Emission Spectrometer直流等离子体发射光谱仪; 
DNA SequencersDNA测序仪;
DNA synthesizerDNA合成仪;
ElectricalProperty Tester电性能测定仪;
ElectroMicroscopy电子显微镜;
ElectrolyticAnalyzer电解质分析仪;
Electron EnergyDisperse Spectroscopy电子能谱仪;
ElectronParamagnetic Resonance Spectrometer电子顺磁共振波谱仪;
Electrophoresis 电泳
ElectrophoresisSystem 电泳仪
ELIASA 酶标仪
Energy DisperseSpectroscopy 能谱仪
Fermenter 发酵罐
Flow Analyticaland Process AnalyticalChemistry流动分析与过程分析  
FractionCollector 部分收集器
FreezeDryingEquipment 冻干机
FT-IRSpectrometer 傅里叶变换红外光谱仪  
FT-RamanSpectrometer 傅里叶变换拉曼光谱仪  
Gas Analysis 气体分析
GasChromatograph 气相色谱仪
GC-MS 气相色谱-质谱联用仪  
GelPermeationChromatograph凝胶渗透色谱仪 
HighPressure/PerformanceLiquid Chromatography 高压/效液相色谱仪   
HybridizationOven 分子杂交仪
ICP-MS ICP-质谱联用仪
InductiveCoupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer 电感偶合等离子体发射光谱仪  
Instrument forNondestructive Testing 无损检测仪
Instrument forPolymerase Chain Reaction PCR仪
InvertedMicroscope 倒置显微镜
IonChromatograph 离子色谱仪
Isotope X-RayFluorescence Spectrometer 同位素X荧光光谱仪
LC-MS 液相色谱-质谱联用仪  
MassSpectrometer 质谱仪
MechanicalProperty Tester 机械性能测定仪
Metal/materialelemental analysis 金属/材料元素分析仪  
MetallurgicalMicroscopy 金相显微镜
MicrowaveInductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer 微波等离子体光谱仪
Nuclear MagneticResonance Spectrometer 核磁共振波谱仪
OpticalMicroscopy 光学显微镜
Optical PropertyTester光学性能测定仪
Other/Miscellaneous其他
Particle SizeAnalyzer 粒度分析仪
PCR AmplifierPCR仪
Peptidesynthesizer 多肽合成仪
pH Meter pH计
Physical PropertyAnalysis 物性分析
Polaro-graph极谱仪
ProteinSequencer 氨基酸测序仪
Rheo-meter流变仪
Sample Handling 样品处理
Scanning ProbeMicroscopyFG|8oU扫描探针显微镜
Sensors 传感器
Sequencers andSynthesizers for DNA and Protein DNA及蛋白质的测序和合成仪
Shaker 摇床
Size ExclusionChromatograph 体积排阻色谱
Surface Science 表面科学
Surface Analyzer表面分析仪
Thermal Analyzer热分析仪
Thermal PhysicalProperty Tester 热物理性能测定仪
Ultrahigh PurityFilter 超滤器
Ultra-lowTemperature Freezer 超低温冰箱
Ultrasonic CellDisruptor 超声破碎仪
UltravioletDetector 紫外检测仪
Ultraviolet Lamp紫外观察灯
Urine Analyzer 尿液分析仪
UV-VisibleSpectrophotometer 紫外-可见光分光光度计
Viscometer 粘度计
Voltam-merter伏安仪
Water Test Kits 水质分析仪
X-RayFluorescence Spectrometer X射线荧光光谱仪
X-Ray DiffractomerX射线衍射仪
分子生物学实验室常用仪器物品英文词汇
口罩respirator
试验管tube
耐酸橡胶手套rubber gloves
试管架test tube rack
药匙lab spoon
洗瓶plastic wash bottle
钳子pliers
玻璃搅棒glass stirring stick
扳子spanne
研钵mortars
螺丝刀screw driver
研棒pestles
多用电源插座multi-purpose socket
冰盒ice box
复印纸copy paper
液氮罐Dewar flask
笔记本note book
记号笔marker pen
培养皿culture dish
夹子clip
皮氏培养皿petri dish
擦镜纸wiper for lens
培养三角瓶culture flask
标签纸paper label
接种环inoculating loop
打火机lighter
接种针inoculating needle
温度计thermometer
过滤灭菌器syringe filters
定时器timer
镊子forceps
棉线(细绳)cotton rope
剪刀scissors
橡皮圈rubber band
解剖刀片scalpel blade
清洁布rag
解剖刀柄scalpel handle
牛皮纸kraftpaper
酒精灯alcohol burner
塑料筐plastic basker
样品推车lab cart
塑料桶plastic basin
保温桶thermos
封口膜parafilmwrap and dispenser
不锈钢盘stainless steel tray
塑料膜plastic film
搪瓷盘enamel tray
保鲜膜cling film
铝箔纸aluminum foil
烧杯beaker
脱脂棉absorbent cotton
三角瓶、烧瓶flask
容量瓶volumetric flask
铁架台iron support
量筒graduated cylinder
石棉网asbestos board
移液器pipette
玻璃干燥器glass desiccator
移液管serological pipette
三角漏斗funnel
吸耳球bulb for pipet
布氏漏斗buchnerfunnel
移液管架pipet rack
玻璃漏斗glass funnel
离心管架centrifuge tube rack
酸碱滴定管Burette
天平balance
安全帽safety helmet
分析天平analytical balance
工作服lab coat
称量瓶weighting bottle
工作鞋footware
称量纸weighing paper
隔热手套heat insulation gloves
比重计hydrometer
体重计body weight scales
酸度计pH meter
pH试纸pH indicator paper
升降台lab jack
电磁搅拌器magnetic stirring
电磁搅棒magnetic stirring bar
匀浆器homo-genixe
摇床shaker
水浴摇床reciprocating shaker bath
涡旋振荡器vortex mixer
离心机centrifuge
烘箱oven
低温水浴refrigerating circulator
冰箱refrigerator
超低温冰箱ultra-low temperature freezer
培养箱incubator
分光光度计spectrophotometer
石英比色杯quartz cuvette
超声波清洗器ultrasonic cleaner
杂交炉hybridization oven