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实验室常用仪器中英文对照大全
作者:河北奥博 上传时间:2016-08-30 11:40:44
1、常用仪器

原子发射光谱仪Atomic Emission Spectrometer AES;

电感偶合等离子体发射光谱仪Inductive Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer ICP;

直流等离子体发射光谱仪Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectrometer DCP;

紫外-可见光分光光度计UV-VisibleSpectrophotometer UV-Vis;

微波等离子体光谱仪Microwave Inductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer MIP;

原子吸收光谱仪Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy AAS;

原子荧光光谱仪Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy AFS;

傅里叶变换红外光谱仪FT-IR Spectrometer FTIR;

傅里叶变换拉曼光谱仪FT-Raman Spectrometer FTIR-Raman;

气相色谱仪Gas Chromatograph GC;

高压/效液相色谱仪HighPressure/Performance Liquid Chromatography HPLC;

离子色谱仪Ion Chromatograph;

凝胶渗透色谱仪Gel Permeation Chromatograph GPC;

体积排阻色谱Size Exclusion Chromatograph SEC;

X 射线荧光光谱仪X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer XRF X;

射线衍射仪X-Ray Diffractomer XRD;

同位素X荧光光谱仪IsotopeX-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer;

电子能谱仪Electron Energy Disperse Spectroscopy;

能谱仪Energy Disperse Spectroscopy EDS;

质谱仪Mass Spectrometer MS;

ICP-质谱联用仪ICP-MS ICP-MS;

气相色谱-质谱联用仪GC-MSGC-MS;

液相色谱-质谱联用仪LC-MSLC-MS;

核磁共振波谱仪Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer NMR;

电子顺磁共振波谱仪Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer ESR;

极谱仪Polarograph;

伏安仪Voltammerter;

自动滴定仪Automatic Titrator;

电导仪Conductivity Meter;

pH计pH Meter;

水质分析仪Water Test Kits;

电泳仪Electrophoresis System;

表面科学Surface Science;

电子显微镜Electro Microscopy;

光学显微镜Optical Microscopy;

金相显微镜Metallurgical Microscopy;

扫描探针显微镜Scanning Probe Microscopy;

表面分析仪Surface Analyzer;

无损检测仪Instrument for Nondestructive Testing;

物性分析Physical Property Analysis;

热分析仪Thermal Analyzer;

粘度计Viscometer;

流变仪Rheometer;

粒度分析仪Particle Size Analyzer;

热物理性能测定仪Thermal Physical Property Tester;

电性能测定仪Electrical Property Tester;

光学性能测定仪Optical Property Tester;

机械性能测定仪Mechanical Property Tester;

燃烧性能测定仪Combustion Property Tester;

老化性能测定仪Aging Property Tester;

生物技术分析Biochemical analysis;

PCR仪Instrument for Polymerase Chain ReactionPCR;

DNA及蛋白质的测序和合成仪Sequencers and Synthesizers for DNAand Protein;

传感器Sensors;

其他Other/Miscellaneous;

流动分析与过程分析Flow Analytical and Process Analytical Chemistry;

气体分析Gas Analysis;

基本物理量测定Basic Physics;

样品处理Sample Handling;

金属/材料元素分析仪Metal/materialelemental analysis;

环境成分分析仪CHN Analysis;

发酵罐Fermenter;

生物反应器Bio-reactor;

摇床Shaker;

离心机Centrifuge;

超声破碎仪Ultrasonic Cell Disruptor;

超低温冰箱Ultra-low Temperature Freezer;

恒温循环泵Constant Temperature Circulator;

超滤器Ultrahigh Purity Filter;

冻干机Freeze Drying Equipment;

部分收集器Fraction Collector;

氨基酸测序仪Protein Sequencer;

氨基酸组成分析仪Amino Acid Analyzer;

多肽合成仪Peptide synthesizer;

DNA测序仪DNA Sequencers;

DNA合成仪DNA synthesizer;

紫外观察灯Ultraviolet Lamp;

分子杂交仪Hybridization Oven;

PCR仪PCR Amplifier;

化学发光仪Chemiluminescence Apparatus;

紫外检测仪Ultraviolet Detector;

酶标仪ELIASA;

CO2培养箱CO2Incubators;

倒置显微镜Inverted Microscope;

超净工作台Bechtop;

流式细胞仪Flow Cytometer;

微生物自动分析系统Automatic Analyzer for Microbes;

生化分析仪Biochemical Analyzer;

血气分析仪Blood-gas Analyzer;

电解质分析仪Electrolytic Analyzer;

尿液分析仪Urine Analyzer;

临床药物浓度仪Analyzer for Clinic Medicine Concentration;

血球计数器Hematocyte Counter;
 

2、色谱术语

色谱图chromatogram;

色谱峰chromatographic peak;

峰底peak base;

峰高h,peak height;

峰宽W,peak width;

半高峰宽Wh/2,peak width at halfheight;

峰面积A,peak area;

拖尾峰tailing area;

前伸峰leading area;

假峰ghost peak;

畸峰distorted peak;

反峰negative peak;

拐点inflection point;

原点origin;

斑点spot;

区带zone;

复班multiple spot;

区带脱尾zone tailing;

基线base line;

基线漂移baseline drift;

基线噪声N,baseline noise;

统计矩moment;

一阶原点矩γ1,first origin moment;

二阶中心矩μ2,second centralmoment;

三阶中心矩μ3,third centralmoment;

液相色谱法liquid chromatography,LC;

液液色谱法liquid liquid chromatography,LLC;

液固色谱法liquid solid chromatography,LSC;

正相液相色谱法normal phase liquid chromatography;

反相液相色谱法reversed phase liquid chromatography,RPLC;

柱液相色谱法liquid column chromatography;

高效液相色谱法high performance liquid chromatography,HPLC;

尺寸排除色谱法size exclusion chromatography,SEC;

凝胶过滤色谱法gel filtration chromatography;

凝胶渗透色谱法gel permeation chromatography,GPC;

亲和色谱法affinity chromatography;

离子交换色谱法ion exchange chromatography;

IEC离子色谱法ion chromatography;

离子抑制色谱法ion suppression chromatography;

离子对色谱法ion pair chromatography;

疏水作用色谱法hydrophobic interaction chromatography;

制备液相色谱法preparative liquid chromatography;

平面色谱法planar chromatography;

纸色谱法paper chromatography;

薄层色谱法thin layer chromatography,TLC;

高效薄层色谱法high performance thin layer chromatography,HPTLC;

浸渍薄层色谱法impregnated thin layer chromatography;

凝胶薄层色谱法gel thin layer chromatography;

离子交换薄层色谱法ion exchange thin layer chromatography;

制备薄层色谱法preparative thin layer chromatography;

薄层棒色谱法thin layer rod chromatography;

液相色谱仪liquid chromatograph;

制备液相色谱仪preparative liquid chromatograph;

凝胶渗透色谱仪gel permeation chromatograph;

涂布器spreader;

点样器sample applicator;

色谱柱chromatographic column;

棒状色谱柱monolith column monolith column;

微粒柱microparticle column;

填充毛细管柱packed capillary column;

空心柱open tubular column;

微径柱microbore column;

混合柱mixed column;

组合柱coupled column;

预柱precolumn;

保护柱guard column;

预饱和柱presaturation column;

浓缩柱concentrating column;

抑制柱suppression column;

薄层板thin layer plate;

浓缩区薄层板concentrating thin layer plate;

荧光薄层板fluorescence thin layer plate;

反相薄层板reversed phase thin layer plate;

梯度薄层板gradient thin layer plate;

烧结板sintered plate;

展开室development chamber;

往复泵reciprocating pump;

注射泵syringe pump;

气动泵pneumatic pump;

蠕动泵peristaltic pump;

检测器detector;

微分检测器differential detector;

积分检测器integral detector;

总体性能检测器bulk property detector;

溶质性能检测器solute property detector;

(示差)折光率检测器[differential] refractiveindex detector;

荧光检测器fluorescence detector;

紫外可见光检测器ultraviolet visible detector;

电化学检测器electrochemical detector;

蒸发(激光)光散射检测器[laser] light scatteringdetector;

光密度计densitometer;

薄层扫描仪thin layer scanner;

柱后反应器post-column reactor;

体积标记器volume marker;

记录器recorder;

积分仪integrator;

馏分收集器fraction collector;

工作站work station;

固定相stationary phase;

固定液stationary liquid;

载体support;

柱填充剂column packing;

化学键合相填充剂chemically bonded phase packing;

薄壳型填充剂pellicular packing;

多孔型填充剂porous packing;

吸附剂adsorbent;

离子交换剂ion exchanger;

基体matrix;

载板support plate;

粘合剂binder;

流动相mobile phase;

洗脱(淋洗)剂eluant,eluent;

展开剂developer;

等水容剂isohydric solvent;

改性剂modifier;

显色剂color [developing] agent;

死时间t0,dead time;

保留时间tR,retention time;

调整保留时间t'R,adjusted retentiontime;

死体积V0,dead volume;

保留体积vR,retention volume;

调整保留体积v'R,adjusted retentionvolume;

柱外体积Vext,extra-column volune;

粒间体积V0,interstitial volume;

(多孔填充剂的)孔体积VP,pore volume of porouspacking;

液相总体积Vtol,total liquid volume;

洗脱体积ve,elution volume;

流体力学体积vh,hydrodynamic volume;

相对保留值ri.s,relative retentionvalue;

分离因子α,separation factor;

流动相迁移距离dm,mobile phasemigration distance;

流动相前沿mobile phase front;

溶质迁移距离ds,solute migrationdistance;

比移值Rf,Rf value;

高比移值hRf,high Rf value;

相对比移值Ri.s,relative Rf value;

保留常数值Rm,Rm value;

板效能plate efficiency;

折合板高hr,reduced plateheight;

分离度R,resolution;

液相载荷量liquid phase loading;

离子交换容量ion exchange capacity;

负载容量loading capacity;

渗透极限permeability limit;

排除极限Vh,max,exclusion limit;

拖尾因子T,tailing factor;

柱外效应extra-column effect;

管壁效应wall effect;

间隔臂效应spacer arm effect;

边缘效应edge effect;

斑点定位法localization of spot;

放射自显影法autoradiography;

原位定量in situ quantitation;

生物自显影法bioautography;

归一法normalization method;

内标法internal standard method;

外标法external standard method;

叠加法addition method;

普适校准(曲线、函数)calibrationfunction or curve [function];

谱带扩展(加宽)band broadening;

(分离作用的)校准函数或校准曲线universal calibrationfunction or curve [of separation];

加宽校正broadening correction;

加宽校正因子broadening correction factor;

溶剂强度参数ε0,solvent strengthparameter;

洗脱序列eluotropic series;

洗脱(淋洗) elution;

等度洗脱gradient elution;

梯度洗脱gradient elution;

(再)循环洗脱recycling elution;

线性溶剂强度洗脱linear solvent strength gradient;

程序溶剂programmed solvent;

程序压力programmed pressure;

程序流速programmed flow;

展开development;

上行展开ascending development;

下行展开descending development;

双向展开two dimensional development;

环形展开circular development;

离心展开centrifugal development;

向心展开centripetal development;

径向展开radial development;

多次展开multiple development;

分步展开stepwise development;

连续展开continuous development;

梯度展开gradient development;

匀浆填充slurry packing;

停流进样stop-flow injection;

阀进样valve injection;

柱上富集on-column enrichment;

流出液eluate;

柱上检测on-column detection;

柱寿命column life;

柱流失column bleeding;

显谱visualization;

活化activation;

反冲back flushing;

脱气degassing;

沟流channeling;

过载overloading;